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What’s the Last Name of JIRAIYA in NARUTO?

jiraiya written in japanese kanji lettersNARUTO/BORUTO

Hi, it’s Junko from Japan. In NARUTO, Jiraiya’s last name has stayed unknown. It’s not only for Jiraiya but some characters don’t show their last names either. For example, Ninjas from the Land of Wind such as Gaara and Temari don’t have family names. It may be the culture of the Land.

Let’s back to the topic of Jiraiya. I think the reason why he doesn’t have a last name is related to the origin of the Legendary Three Ninjas: Jiraiya, Tsunade, and Orochimaru. They’re all called by their first names only.

All their names come from the old Japanese novel in the Edo period of Japan, titled JIRAIYA GOKETSU MONOGATARI (the tale of gallant Jiraiya). This title showed up in Naruto Shippuden episode 133, and it’s clearly based on the existing novel.

What Is The Tale of Gallant Jiraiya?

The Tale of Gallant Jiraiya is an entertainment novel published in the mid-1800s. The main character is JIRAIYA. He’s a skilled Ninja and summons a monster frog. He defeats monsters and bandits with his NInja techniques. After that, he married a woman of unsurpassed beauty named TSUNADE who controls a monster slug KATSUYU. They fight together to beat a villain OROCHIMARU who casts evil snake techniques.

I have the original novel book I found in a Japanese antique market. Here are some Ukiyo-e illustrations of Jiraiya from the real book in the Edo period!

picture: page scan from the tale of gallant jiraiya
picture: page scan from the tale of gallant jiraiya
picture: page scan from the tale of gallant jiraiya

That’s completely the same as the Legendary Three Ninjas in NARUTO! (though Jiraiya and Tsunade didn’t marry). The Tale of Gallant Jiraiya is a Japanese novel, but the characters are fictional and they don’t have last names. I think NARUTO simply followed it.

As for Tsunade, she’s a grand daughter of the first Hokage, Senju Hashirama, and her full name may be Senju Tsunade.

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